For medicinal purposes, use the grass collected during the flowering of the plant.

Now is the time for a serious rethinking of humanity’s attitude to nature, the time to unite the efforts of nations and peoples in the struggle to save the planet’s biosphere, because we all have one Earth; implementation of new local, regional and international programs of further development and use, which should be based on new socio-political principles, ecological basis, deep ecological knowledge and increased universal ecological consciousness.

The burden of these concerns must fall on all countries. Developing countries must first and foremost address demographic problems, desertification, deforestation, fauna and flora, while developed countries must also address the effects of superurbanization, environmental pollution by industrial and agricultural waste, especially toxic, overproduction and overconsumption. , acid rain and demilitarization. All countries must participate in preserving the world, repairing the ecological system …

For the future of all mankind, the next two decades will be decisive: either the commonwealth of nations will solve the most important environmental problems, or the irreversible degradation of the biosphere and the gradual destruction of civilization will begin. The planet can no longer withstand anthropogenic pressure: population doubling in just a few decades and its concentration mainly in cities; five-, ten-fold increase in economic activity in less than a century; uncontrolled growth of various transformations in agriculture, energy and industrial systems; supermilitarization of society and the accumulation of large numbers of globally dangerous nuclear and chemical weapons (Annex 4).

Nowadays, the traditional borders between countries and nations are becoming transparent and permeable from the ecological point of view, and activities that were once considered exclusively "internal affairs" today determine the ecological situation, development and survival of other countries. So, we are all "connected" with each other. And they must act together. And the critical limit is very close (and maybe it has already been reached?) …

The global problem of environmental pollution will exist as long as all humanity does not unite to solve it, because this is the future of future generations. As the ancient Indian saying goes: "Nature is not what we inherited from our ancestors, but what we borrowed from our descendants."


Balatsky OF Environmental protection. – K.: Knowledge, 1977. – 11 pp. Bilyavsky GO, Padun MM, Furduy RS Fundamentals of general ecology. – K.: Lybid, 1993. – 3-6 pp. Bryon AV, Gordetsky AV, Sytnik KM Biosphere, ecology, nature protection. – K.: Lybid, 1992. – 523. Grigoriev AA Ecological lessons of the past and present. – L.: Nauka, 1991. – 47p. Zhiritsky AK, Merkushin VI Novikov RA, Global ecological problems. – Moscow: Mysl, 1988 .– 302 pp. Keflit G. Anxiety in 2000: a time bomb on our planet. – M .: Mysl, 1990. – 179 pp. Novikov Yu. V. Nature and man. – M .: Mysl, 1991 .– 39 p.


Yarrow, creeping buttercup, forest lily: a description of plants. Abstract

The abstract provides information about such plants as yarrow, creeping buttercup, forest lily

Yarrow whole-leaved. Achillea ptarmica

Perennial herbaceous plant of the aster family (compositae). Stems solitary, erect, branched, woody at the base, 30-120 cm tall. Leaves entire, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sessile, narrowly lanceolate, twice serrate, up to 6 mm wide. The flowers are collected in baskets, forming a sparse shield; marginal flowers (8-14 of them) ligulate, pistillate, white, middle – tubular, bisexual. The fruit is an achene. It blooms in July – September.

Spread. It grows on wet meadows, along rivers and reservoirs in the Carpathians and occasionally in Polissya (in the western part).

Raw. Use the grass collected during flowering of a plant. Cut off the tops of the stems (without woody parts). Dried under a tent or in the attic. The plant is unofficial.

Chemical composition. Baskets contain the alkaloid achiline and essential oil, which includes stearopten. The leaves contain a significant amount (up to 90 mg%) of ascorbic acid.

Pharmacological properties and uses. The plant is known in folk medicine as a hemostatic, wound healing and analgesic, it was used in peptic ulcer disease, pulmonary tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, uterine bleeding, toothache, to heal wounds and ulcers.

The yolk is creeping. Ranunculus repens

Perennial herbaceous plant of the buttercup family. Stem ascending, 15-75 cm tall, at the base – with long aboveground shoots, which take root at the nodes. Leaves, except apical – petiolate, trifoliate or twice trifoliately dissected, with three-divided into sharply toothed lobes segments. The flowers are regular, bisexual, five-parted, with yellow, shiny, inverted-ovate petals. Fruit – prefabricated, from achenes, spherical Blooms in May – June.

Spread. It grows in humid places throughout Ukraine, except for wormwood steppe.

Raw. For medicinal purposes, use the grass collected during the flowering of the plant. The plant is unofficial.

Chemical composition. The herb contains tannins, alkaloids (0.1%), coumarins (umbelliferone, scopoletin), flavonoids (vitexin, saponaretin, neovitexin), ascorbic acid, quinones, saponins, Tav-lactones (ranunculin and protoanemonin).

Pharmacological properties and uses. Due to its high toxicity, this plant is used mainly externally as a wound-healing, extractive and bactericidal agent for goldfish (to accelerate the maturation of abscesses) and boils.

Apply fresh well-crushed leaves, applying to wounds. In Tibetan medicine, the plant was used for headaches, dropsy, edema and gynecological diseases.

Forest lily. Lilium martagon

Perennial bulbous plant of the lily family. The bulb is ovoid, yellowish-cream, consists of many fleshy scales. Stem erect, unbranched, green or with reddish dots, glabrous or pubescent, 50-150 cm tall. Leaves entire, elliptical-lanceolate-visible; upper and lower – alternate, middle – collected 5-8 in a ring, larger than the lower and upper. The flowers are regular, bisexual, large, light purple, with dark purple spots, gathered in apical liquid racemes. The fruit is a box. It blooms in June – July.

Spread. Rare plant. Listed in the Red Book of the Ukrainian SSR. Cultivated as an ornamental.

Raw. Flowers, leaves and bulbs are used for medicinal purposes. The plant is unofficial.

The chemical composition has not been studied.

Pharmacological properties and uses. In folk medicine, the plant is used as a diuretic, analgesic and wound healing agent and for jaundice.

Bulbs are edible, they are eaten fresh or baked, dried for storage. Dried onions are ground into flour, which is used to prepare nutritious and useful milk porridge.


Occupational injuries: analysis of the concept. Abstract

Workplace and workplace lighting. Requirements for the organization of the premises. Production environment. Fire protection. Safety precautions when working with a PC. Protection against static electricity. Calculation of protective earthing

Scientific and technical process leads to a radical change in the nature and means of labor. This process creates a lot of benefits for a person:

reduces physical activity; makes the work intellectual, interesting, diverse; develops creative abilities of the person.

Widespread introduction of computer technology significantly increases productivity.

Preserving the health of users, personal computers, all employees, maintaining the efficiency and reliability of their work at the appropriate level is one of the aspects of the discipline – labor protection.

Occupational safety is a system of legislative acts, socio-economic, organizational and technical, hygienic and treatment-and-prophylactic measures and means that ensure safety, health and efficiency of a person in the process of work.

Large-scale measures aimed at improving human health should be carried out at each enterprise in the prescribed manner. Strict observance of the conditions of hygiene and physiology of work is not only a personal matter, but also a team, because the violation of hygiene principles affects not only the health of the offender, but also other members of the team.

The complex of organizational measures and technical means of protection, the accumulated experience shows that there is a real opportunity to achieve success in eliminating the impact of dangerous and harmful factors on those working with computers. However, people allowed to work with computer equipment are still exposed to dangerous and harmful production factors, such as monotony, high ambient temperature, lack or insufficient lighting of the work area, electric current, statistical electricity and others.

The work of many employees is associated with the influence of psycho-physical factors, such as mental overload, overstrain of visual and auditory analyzers, emotional overload.

Accidents while working on computers can occur due to the action of physically dangerous production factors when connecting peripherals with the casing of the system unit, removed by electric shock, performing work that is not typical for them. Electrical installations pose a potential danger to humans both during operation and during maintenance work.

Workplace and workplace lighting

Workplace is a space equipped with technical means (means of information display, control bodies, auxiliary equipment) where the activity of the executor (or group of performers) is carried out. Lighting requirements for visual perception by users of information from two different media (PC and paper) are different.

Too low brightness impairs the perception of information when reading documents, and too high reduces the contrast of the characters on the screen.